1. What does voting by secret ballot mean?
A. Only the candidate you vote for can watch your marked ballot.
B. The voter should not tell anyone for whom he/she voted.
C. No one can watch you vote except the election officer.
D. No one can watch you vote or look at your marked ballot.
2. Fatima is a new immigrant to Canada. Why can she choose to take a job like any man?
A. Because of the equality of women and men in Canada.
B. Because she has a university degree.
C. Because of the equality between French and English.
D. Because she came from United Kingdom.
3. Who invented the snowmobile?
A. Sir Sandford Fleming
B. Alexander Graham Bell
C. Joseph-Armand Bombardier
D. Mathew Evans and Henry Woodward
4. Which province is Canada's main producer of pulp and paper?
A. New Brunswick.
B. British Columbia.
5. Where do the majority of Metis live in Canada?
A. Northern territories.
B. West Coast.
C. Prairie Provinces.
D. Central Canada.
6. Which city provides important shipping and air links across the Pacific Ocean?
7. What does "official language rights and minority language educational rights" mean?
A. English is more important than French in Canada.
B. French is more important in Quebec and English is more important in other provinces.
C. All languages have equal status in Canada's government.
D. French and English have equal status in Parliament and throughout the government.
8. Who has the right to enter and leave Canada at will?
A. British citizens.
B. Citizens of United States.
C. Canadian citizens.
D. Landed immigrants.
9. Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
B. Nova Scotia.
D. New Brunswick.
10. Which party is in power in Ontario?
A. Progressive Conservative Party
B. New Democratic Party
C. Liberal Party
D. Green Party
11. Which provinces are connected to Ontario by land?
A. New Brunswick and Newfoundland.
B. Quebec and Saskatchewan.
C. Quebec and Prince Edward Island.
D. Manitoba and Quebec.
12. Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
A. Green card holders.
B. Landed immigrants.
C. Visitors to Canada.
D. Canadian citizens.
13. What are three key facts about Canada's system of government?
A. A kingdom, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
B. A federal state, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
C. A socialist country, a constitutional democracy and a parliamentary monarchy.
D. A federal nation, a constitutional democracy and a parliamentary monarchy.
14. What are the three main types of industry in Canada?
A. Natural resources, manufacturing and services.
B. Fishery, tourism and services.
C. Oil, tourism and manufacturing.
D. Mining, services and manufacturing.
15. Which legal documents protect the rights of Canadians with regards to the official languages?
A. Canadian Constitution.
B. British Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
C. Official English Act.
D. Canadian Constitution and Official Languages Act.
16. Which territory shares a border with another country?
A. Yukon Territory.
B. British Columbia.
C. Northwest Territories.
17. What is the name of the leader of the Official Opposition at the federal level?
A. Nycole Turmel
B. Michael Ignatieff.
C. Stephen Harper
D. Joy MacPhail.
18. Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
A. Central Canada.
B. Prairie provinces.
C. Southern Canada.
D. Atlantic provinces.
19. Which province is Canada's major producer of oil and gas?
B. British Columbia.
20. Which of the followings are the responsibilities of federal government?
A. Education, foreign policy, recycling programs and aboriginal affairs.
B. National defence, health care, international trade and aboriginal affairs.
C. National defence, foreign policy, international trade and aboriginal affairs.
D. Highways, policing, international trade and criminal justice.
21. When is Remembrance Day?
A. November 11th every year.
B. December 12th every year.
C. The second Monday of October.
D. The first Monday of November.
22. Which region of Canada is known for its fertile agricultural land and energy resources?
A. West Coast.
B. Prairie provinces.
23. What is the population of Canada?
A. About 39 million.
B. About 26 million.
C. About 33 million.
D. About 28 million.
24. Who do Canadians vote for in a federal election?
A. The best speaker running the election campaign.
B. Someone to become the Premier of the province.
C. A candidate whom they want to represent them in Parliament.
D. All candidates in their electoral district.
25. What do the initials MP stand for in Canadian politics?
A. Member of the Patriots.
B. Master of the Province.
C. Member of Parliament.
D. Minister of Parliament.
26. What outcome and significance did War of 1812 with USA have for Canada?
A. Canada kept its independence from the United States.
B. Canada became part of the United States.
C. Canada lost a lot of land in the war.
D. Canada became an independent country.
27. Who has the right to vote in a federal election?
A. A Canadian or British citizen, over 18 years old.
B. A landed immigrant, 18 years old and a member of the Canadian Forces.
C. A Canadian citizen, at least 21 years old and must work for the government.
D. A Canadian citizen, at least 18 years old on voting day and on the voters' list.
28. Where do more than half of the people in Canada live?
A. Atlantic Canada.
B. Coastal Pacific.
D. Central Canada.
29. Which province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada?
B. British Columbia.
30. Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
B. Outdoor sports waterway.
D. Shipping route to the Great Lakes.
31. What is the tower in the centre of the Parliament buildings called?
A. Peaceful Tower.
B. Peace Tower.
C. Canada Tower.
D. CN Tower.
32. What principle was Canada's constitution founded on?
A. Independence and freedom.
B. Liberty, equality and fraternity.
C. Peace, Order and Good Government.
D. Liberty and pursue of freedom.
33. What are the two official languages of Canada?
A. Inuit and French.
B. English and French.
C. Canadian English and British English.
D. English and Chinese.
34. What do you call the Queen's representative in the provinces?
C. Member of parliament.
D. Member of the Legislative Assembly.
35. What country is Canada's largest trading partner?
C. United States of America.
36. When is the fixed election date of Canada's federal election?
A. The third Monday in October every four years following the most recent election.
B. March 1st every five years after the last election.
C. The second Friday in September every four years following the most recent election.
D. There's no fixed date of Canada's federal election.
37. What level of government passes "by-laws"?
A. Territorial government.
B. Municipal or local government.
C. Regional government.
D. Provincial government.
38. From whom are the Acadians descended?
A. First Nations who began settling in what are now the Prairie provinces in 1600s.
B. Metis and Inuit.
C. British colonists who began settling in what are now the Maritime provinces in 1604.
D. French colonists who began settling in what are now the Maritime provinces in 1604.
39. How is the government formed after an election?
A. The Queen selects a party to form the government.
B. The Premiers of each province vote for the party to be in power.
C. The party with the most elected representatives becomes in power.
D. The Governor General proposes a plan to form the government.
40. Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
A. Inuit and First Nations.
B. First Nations and British settlers.
C. Settlers from the United States during the American Revolution.
D. French and British settlers.
41. Which party becomes the Official Opposition?
A. The opposition party with the least votes.
B. The opposition party with the most votes.
C. The party picked by the Queen.
D. The opposition party with the most MPs.
42. Where do most French speaking Canadians live?
B. New Brunswick.
C. Nova Scotia.
43. What region is called the 'Land of the Midnight Sun'?
A. Northwest Territories.
D. The Northern Territories.
44. What is the highest honour available to Canadians?
A. Elizabeth Cross
B. The Queen's Medal
C. Victoria Cross
D. Victoria Medal
45. Which federal political party is in power?
A. Conservative Party.
B. Green Party.
C. Liberal Party.
D. New Democratic Party.
46. What song is Canada's national anthem?
A. O Canada.
B. O Canadian Citizens.
C. O Canadian.
D. Wow Canada.
47. Which three legal rights are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
A. Right to have a job, to live and work anywhere in Canada and right to life.
B. Freedom of expression, right to buy a property and right to a fair trial.
C. Mobility rights, official language rights and Aboriginal peoples' rights.
D. Right to become a Prime Minister, freedom of life and freedom of voting.
48. When does a federal election have to be held under legislation passed by Parliament?
A. Within 4 years of the most recent election.
B. The Prime Minister can call the election any time at his own will.
C. When the Queen wants to replace the Prime Minister.
D. Within 5 years of the last election.
49. Who do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent?
A. Everyone who lives in the provincial or territorial electoral district.
B. Everyone who lives in the federal electoral district.
C. Federal and provincial governments.
D. Everyone who lives in the municipal electoral district.
50. What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada?
A. Stephen Harper
B. Alexa McDonough.
C. Jean Chretien.
D. Paul Martin.
51. Which two provinces produce more than three-quarters of Canadian manufactured goods?
A. British Columbia and Ontario.
B. Alberta and Ontario.
C. Quebec and Manitoba.
D. Ontario and Quebec.
52. What are the territories of northern Canada?
A. Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
B. Nunavut and Yukon Territory.
C. Northwest Territories and Alaska.
D. Yukon and Northwest Territories.
53. Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians?
A. Canada Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
B. British Charter of Freedoms.
C. Canadian Multiculturalism Act.
D. The Multicultural Act of the United Nations.
54. How is the Prime Minister chosen?
A. The leader of the party with the most elected Members of Parliament.
B. The Members of Parliament vote for the Prime Minister.
C. The Queen appoints the Prime Minister.
D. The Governor General appoint the Prime Minister.
55. Which province is known as the "Land of 100,000 Lakes"?
56. Which four provinces first formed Confederation?
A. Ontario, Newfoundland, Quebec and Nova Scotia.
B. Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
C. Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and British Columbia.
D. Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba and Nova Scotia.
57. Why is the North sometimes called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?
A. Summer daylight can last up to 24 hours.
B. Spring daylight can last up to 24 hours.
C. Fall daylight can last up to 24 hours.
D. Winter daylight can last up to 24 hours.
58. Where are the Parliament Buildings located?
D. Quebec City.
59. What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
A. Promise to obey the Constitution of Canada.
B. Pledge loyalty to the Queen, observe the laws and fulfill the duties of a Canadian.
C. Pledge to be allegiance to the Queen.
D. Carry out responsibilities as a Canadian citizen.
60. What part of the Constitution legally protects basic rights and freedoms of Canadians?
A. The British Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
B. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
C. The Canadian Charter of Responsibilities.
D. The Canadian Charter of Freedoms.
61. From where does the name "Canada" come?
A. From the First Nations word meaning land.
B. From the Inuit word "Kanata" meaning nations.
C. From the Inuit word meaning home.
D. From "Kanata", the First Nations word for village.
62. What are three minerals still being mined in the territories today?
A. Tin, lead and aluminum.
B. Nickel, gold and lead.
C. Silver, lead and zinc.
D. Gold, lead and zinc.
63. To what ocean is Newfoundland closest?
D. Labrador Sea.
64. When did thousands of miners first come to Yukon?
C. Early 1700s.
D. Early 1800s.
65. Which province is Canada's leading wheat producer?
C. New Brunswick.
66. Why the Battle of Vimy Ridge is important in the Canadian history?
A. It has come to symbolise Canada's becoming as a nation.
B. Out of it was formed the Canadian Corps.
C. It was an important victory in the Boer War.
D. It was the last battle of the First World War.
67. What do you call the Queen's representative in the territories?
B. Member of the Legislative Assembly.
68. Which province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada?
B. Northwest Territories.
69. What is the significance of the Canadian discovery of insulin?
A. It saved lives of children with sickness.
B. It helped the treatment of heart diseases.
C. It saved millions of lives of people with diabetes.
D. It was an important medicine to save soldiers' life during World War II.
70. What is a responsible government?
A. The government is formed by more than two parties in power.
B. The government is responsible for everything in the country.
C. The government must resign if it loses a confidence vote in the assembly.
D. The government is responsible for making laws.
71. What is a minority government?
A. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the House of Commons.
B. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the House of Commons and the Senate.
C. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the Senate.
D. The party in power holds less than half of the seats in the House of Commons.
72. Who is the Premier of Ontario?
A. David C. Onley
B. Tim Hudak
C. Dalton McGuinty
D. Stephen Harper
73. What was the name of the new country formed in Confederation?
B. Canadian Confederation.
C. Dominion of Canada.
74. Why are the Great Lakes important to Canada?
A. Fresh water and waterways.
B. Water for agriculture.
75. More than half of Canada's aeronautics and space industry are located in which province?
76. What is the most popular spectator sport of Canada?
C. Canadian football.
77. When was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished?
A. Late 1800s.
B. Late 1600s.
C. Early 1700s.
D. Late 1700s.
78. Who is the Queen's representative in Canada?
A. Premier of each province.
B. Prime Minister of Canada.
C. Governor General of Canada.
D. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
79. How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
80. In what year did Canada become a country?
81. How does a bill become a law?
A. Must be signed by the Queen or King.
B. Must be approved by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate, and received royal assent.
C. Must be approved by the Members of the Parliament.
D. The Governors of each province must approve the bill.
82. What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
A. Metis, First Nations and Inuit.
B. Acadians, Metis and First Nations.
C. Early French settlers, Metis and Indian.
D. Metis, Inuit and United Empire Loyalists.
83. What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
A. Completed the St. Lawrence Waterway.
B. Completed the Trans Canada Railway.
C. Offered land at very low cost.
D. Completed the Canadian Pacific Railway.
84. Which was the last province to join Canada?
D. Prince Edward Island.
85. What should you do if you do not receive a voter information card before an election?
A. Contact Elections Canada.
B. Tell the Member of Parliament in your riding.
C. Give up your right to vote.
D. Call the police for help.
86. What is a polling station?
A. Member of Parliament's constituency.
B. Campaign offices for candidates.
C. Place where the number of votes are counted.
D. Place where you vote.
87. What is written on an election ballot?
A. The results of the election.
B. The candidates running for Prime Minister listed.
C. The names of the candidates in your electoral district.
D. The names of Canadians eligible to vote.
88. When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
A. During 1580s.
B. In 1600s.
C. Late 1800s.
D. Late 1700s.
89. What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use?
90. Who has the right to be considered first for a job in the Federal government?
A. British citizens.
B. Canadian citizens.
C. Landed immigrants.
D. British Immigrants.
91. How can a party in power be defeated in Parliament?
A. If the Premiers vote against major federal government decisions.
B. If Canadians vote against the party in power.
C. If a majority of the MPs vote against a major government decision.
D. If Canadians do not approve of the laws to be passed.
92. What is a majority government?
A. The party in power holds less than half of the seats in the House of Commons.
B. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the Senate.
C. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the House of Commons and the Senate.
D. The party in power holds at least half of the seats in the House of Commons.
93. What does it mean for a political party to "be in power"?
A. To gain the approval of the Queen.
B. To have the most elected representatives.
C. To generate electricity.
D. To hold the nuclear button.
94. How can you contact your Member of Parliament?
A. Write a letter to the House of Commons.
B. Call the office of the party in power.
C. Write a letter to the Prime Minister.
D. Write a letter to the Premier of your province.
95. In Canada's justice system, what does "presumption of innocence" mean?
A. Everybody is guilty until proven innocent.
B. The Prime Minister can determine who is innocent in a court.
C. Everyone is innocent until proven guilty.
D. The judge can determine who is guilty without evidence.
96. What do you call a law before it is passed?
A. A proposal of a law.
B. A new law.
C. A proposed law.
D. A bill.
97. What does "mobility rights" mean?
A. Being able to work and move.
B. Being able to have freedom of speech.
C. Being able to have a job in any provinces.
D. Being able to live and work anywhere in Canada.
98. Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
A. It was written by the British government.
B. It made Confederation legal.
C. It was agreed to by the First Nations and Inuit.
D. The Aboriginal people signed the act.
99. Which province is the only officially bilingual province?
A. Nova Scotia.
C. New Brunswick.
100. What is a major river in Quebec?
A. Fraser River
B. St. Lawrence River
C. Hudson Bay River
D. Amazon River